Home|Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry

Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry

by Albert Pike


Morals and Dogma has been described as “a collection of thirty-two essays which provide a philosophical rationale for the degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. The lectures provided a backdrop for the degrees by giving lessons in comparative religion, history and philosophy”. Its composed by 32 chapters (1 per degree in the masonic ranks of the southern jurisdiction, the 33° being the only exception), These chapters generally consist of Comparative Religion, Philosophy, Comparative Etymologies, Symbolism, and Numerology.

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The primary themes of this great work are the “Secrets” or the “Great Mysteries” and their symbolism & rituals. It is stated that nothing in the book is meant to reveal any of the secrets to freemasonry but to simply hint or shed light. An emphasis on religious and cultural tolerance is shown throughout the work, emphasizing that the root of all religion was the same. These common traits and symbols in all religions are explained in detail, beginning with the Orphic Egg or Cosmic Egg, and then moving towards ancient Egyptian, Phoenician, Buddhist, and Hindu texts, and the Abrahamic religions.

A copy of Morals and Dogma was given to every new member of the Southern Jurisdiction from the early 1900s until 1969 (although some local Scottish Rite bodies offered copies through the mid-1970s), when it was deemed “too advanced to be helpful to the new Scottish Rite member.



I – Apprentice 11 II – The Fellow-Craft 28 III – The Master 60

IV – Secret Master 97 V – Perfect Master 105 VI – Intimate Secretary 110 VII – Provost And Judge 116 VIII – Intendant Of The Building 125 IX – Elect Of The Nine 137 X – Illustrious Elect Of The Fifteen 147 XI – Sublime Elect Of The Twelve Or Prince Ameth 161 XII – Grand Master Architect 172 XIII – Royal Arch Of Solomon 185 XIV – Grand Elect, Perfect, And Sublime Mason 198

XV – Knight Of The East Or Of The Sword 215 XVI – Prince Of Jerusalem 219 XVII – Knight Of The East And West 224 XVIII – Knight Rose Croix 249

XIX – Grand Pontiff 281 XX – Grand Master Of All Symbolic Lodges 293 XXI – Noachite, Or Prussian Knight 302 XXII – Knight Of The Royal Axe Or Prince Of Libanus 308 – XXIII – Chief Of The Tabernacle 319 XXIV – Prince Of The Tabernacle 335 XV – Knight Of The Brazen Serpent 387 XXVI – Prince Of Mercy, Or Scottish Trinitarian 460 XXVII – Knight Commander Of The Temple 505 XXVIII – Knight Of The Sun, Or Prince Adept 508 XXIX – Grand Scottish Knight Of St. Andrew 688 XXX – Knight Kadosh 699

XXXI – Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander 709 XXXII – Sublime Prince Of The Royal Secret 721

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Albert Pike (December 29, 1809 – April 2, 1891) was an American author, poet, orator, jurist and prominent member of the Freemasons. He was also a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who commanded the District of Indian Territory in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Pike first joined the fraternal Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1840. He next joined a Masonic Lodge, where he became extremely active in the affairs of the organization. In 1859 he was elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite’s Southern Jurisdiction. He remained Sovereign Grand Commander for the remainder of his life (a total of thirty-two years), devoting a large amount of his time to developing the rituals of the order. Notably, he published a book called Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in 1871, of which there were several subsequent editions. This helped the order grow during the nineteenth century. He also researched and wrote the seminal treatise Indo-Aryan Deities and Worship as Contained in the Rig-Veda.In America, Pike is still considered an eminent and influential Freemason, primarily in the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction.